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Image from page 138 of “Orchids for everyone” (1910)
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Identifier: cu31924003330374
Title: Orchids for everyone
Year: 1910 (1910s)
Authors: Curtis, Charles H
Subjects: Orchids
Publisher: London, J.M. Dent New York, E.P. Dutton
Contributing Library: Cornell University Library
Digitizing Sponsor: MSN

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RBATUM was discovered in 1840 in the MalayPeninsula, near Malacca. In the following year it flowered forthe first time under cultivation with the Messrs Loddiges, ofHackney. The species is found in most collections, but as a ruleit is not seen in such good condition now as it was twenty yearsago ; this is probably due to the introduction of so many hybridsand the general inclination to cultivate these to the exclusion ofspecies. A year or two ago, when visiting the mining villages ofPrudhoe and West Wylam, near Newcastle, the writer saw someexcellent specimens of this old Orchid in the glass houses of theenthusiastic miners who make a hobby of gardening, and ride theirhobby hard and well. The flowers are of medium size and therounded dorsal sepal is white, with a green base, and veinings ofdeep purple. The petals are green, shading to purple at the apex,hairy along the margin, and with several small, blackish warts alongthe upper edge. The lip is dull purple. The variety C. B. Crossii

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y. X o THE MOST USEFUL ORCHIDS 6i is of dwarfer habit and has brighter flowers than the type; othergood varieties are C. b. nigrum and C. B. superbum. C. BELLATULUM is found in Siam, but, for a long time after itsintroduction in i888 by Messrs H. Low & Co., its habitat wasunknown. Of dwarf growth, with thick leaves that are curiouslybilobed at the apex, purple beneath, and mottled with light,greyish green on deep green above, this is one of the most interest-ing species. The rounded flowers are about three inches across,rounded, fleshy, and borne on a very short stem. The groundcolour is white or pale yellow, but this is freely spotted with darkmaroon-purple, the markings being very heavy in some flowersand much smaller in others. The lip is comparatively small, andis much less marked than the petals. The rare and beautifulC. BELLATULUM ALBUM is pure white and unspotted. Both thetype and the variety are summer flowering. C. BoxALLii comes from Burmah, where it was discoveredabout

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Image from page 471 of “The orchid-grower’s manual : containing descriptions of the best species and varieties of orchidaceous plants” (1885)
orchid types
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Identifier: orchidgrowersman00inwill
Title: The orchid-grower’s manual : containing descriptions of the best species and varieties of orchidaceous plants
Year: 1885 (1880s)
Authors: Williams, Benjamin Samuel, 1822-1890
Subjects: Orchids
Publisher: London : Victoria and Paradise Nurseries
Contributing Library: University of Pittsburgh Library System
Digitizing Sponsor: Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation

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and erectmany-flowered racemes of brilliant vermilion-orange blossoms,of which the sepals and petals are ovate-lanceolate, and thelip linear-acuminate and together with the column of a brightyellow colour. It blossoms during the autumn months, andlasts six weeks or more in good condition. This is bestgrown in the Mexican house, as it delights in an abundanceof light; but it will also do well with the Odontoglots in thecool house, and requires plenty of moisture at the roots.—Mexico; Guatemala, on cloud-capped mountains amidst con-tinual mists. Fig.—Serium Orch., t. 45; Bot. Reg., 1840, t. 35 ; Bot. Mag., t. 4107 ;Moore, III. Orch. PL, Epidendrum, t. 1 ; Paxt. Mag. Bot, v. 49, with tab.;Fl. des Serres, t. 1026; III. Hort., t. 4; Otto cf Deit., Allg. Gartenz., 1855,t. 9. E. Titellinum majUS, Hart.—This beautiful variety is of thesame colour as the typical E. vitellinum, the only differencebeing in the size of the flowers, which are considerably larger, o 3 OECHID-GROWER S MANUAL.

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BPIDENDRTTM VITELLINUMMAJUS. the sepals and petals broader, and very thick and fleshy intexture. It usually flowers during the summer months, andlasts in bloom for an immense time. It sends up from thetop part of the bulbs its bril-liantly-coloured blooms, whichissue from a sheath formed inautumn. The plant requires thesame treatment as the type. Mr.R. Warner, of Chelmsford, growsa large quantity of this plant withhis Odontoglossums, and the effectof these when in flower and in-terspersed with them is charming.It is, moreover, one of the bestOrchids for exhibition purposeson account of its lasting such along time in perfection. It iseasily packed and bears travellingwell; we have used a specimenas many as five or six times at different shows. For homegrowth its distinct colour claims for it a place in everycollection.—Mexico. Fig.—Orchid Album, i. t. 4; Floral Mag., t. 261; Jennings, Orch,, t. 31;Puydt, Les Orch., t. 20. E. Wallisii, Bchh. /.—This wonderful species is com-parati

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Image from page 484 of “The orchid-grower’s manual : containing descriptions of the best species and varieties of orchidaceous plants” (1885)
orchid types
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Identifier: orchidgrowersman00inwill
Title: The orchid-grower’s manual : containing descriptions of the best species and varieties of orchidaceous plants
Year: 1885 (1880s)
Authors: Williams, Benjamin Samuel, 1822-1890
Subjects: Orchids
Publisher: London : Victoria and Paradise Nurseries
Contributing Library: University of Pittsburgh Library System
Digitizing Sponsor: Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation

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s, andfrom the base very long drooping racemes of numerous darkpurple-brown or chocolate-coloured purple-spotted flowers,which are produced during the summer months. The flowersare peculiar in form, the sepals lanceolate, the upper onespringing from the back of the column smaller than the othertwo, which are spreading ; the petals are quite small, incurved,fixed near the base of the upper sepal and some distanceabove the lateral ones. The lip is nearly an inch long,standing out at a right angle with the rest of the flower. Atthe base is a cylindrical claw, above which are four horns, twoobtuse and two acuminate ; the apex is laterally compressed,acuminated, forming a vertical plate, double at its upper edge,and gibbous at its base. The column is very long, curved,broadest upwards, semi-cylindrical, bearing on its back and GONGOEA. 331 sides the upper sepal aud the two petals ; the pedicels arepurple.—Trinidad.¥lG.—Bof. Mag., t. 3220; HooJc. Exot. Fl., t, 178; Maund, Bot., iii. t.

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GONGORA ATROPURPURBA. G. Mfonia, Lindley.—An interesting species resemblingG. maculata in its mode of growth, having both the pseudo-bulbs and leaves of a pale whitish green. The flowers in thisspecies are of a dull pale wine-purple, very irregularly stainedand spotted on an obscure yellowish white ground, and bear apair of long setaceous bristles on the hypochil; the pedicelsare purple. The variety major has larger flowers than thoseof the type.—Brazil. Fig.—Bot. Eeg., 1841, t. 2. G-. maculata, Lindley.—This rather handsome plant growsabout eighteen inches high, and has ovate-obloug strongly-ribbed pseudobulbs, dark green five-nerved broadly lanceolateleaves, and long drooping racemes upwards of a foot in length,and produced from the base of the bulbs, of elegant flowers,which are of a clear yellow with bright reddish brown bars 332 okchid-growers manual. and spots, and very showy, the whole of the parts of theflower being similarly spotted ; the sepals are lanceolateacuminat

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