Orchids,Their Uses and Care

Orchids are the most diversified flowering plant species available in every nook and corner of the Earth, except the Glaciers. They belong to a biological family called Orchidaceae. These are actually the largest family found on Earth with approximately 27000 species which is greater than the birds and the mammals. The Orchids belong to a family of Botanical species called Monocots. The name is derived from a Greek word ‘Orkhis’.

Out of all the species of Orchids, the most widely used in horticulture trade all over the world is the Phal orchid. It is the shortened name for Phalaenopsis Orchid. These are available in 60 species, some of them produced by hybrids. Orchids are used for decorating the altars during Mass in churches,Wedding ceremonies or other important occasions. Attractive floral arrangements can be made with orchids of different vibrant colors and shapes. These floral arrangements can last from two days up to a week, provided they are properly watered.

Some orchids or orchid parts are found to be used in certain medicines because of their medicinal value. Some of them are Tubers of the Early Purple Orchid, Bee Orchid, Vanilla to name a few. The medicinal uses of Orchids are found in ancient writings of China, Europe etc. It is not easy to nurture an Orchid. Certain methods are to be followed by people who think of making an Orchid plantation. This is because of the fragile nature of the plant. Young Orchids are very fragile and a lot of care must be taken.

These plants need not be watered regularly. Excessive watering will lead to the death of the roots of these plants. They must be watered every 5 – 12 days depending on the Environment and climate. While watering care must be taken to avoid the wetting of leaves. Proper lighting is also essential for Orchid growth. Fertilization of an Orchid is also necessary, which would otherwise hamper their growth. When the growth is hindered, they must be re-potted with utmost care. If proper steps are taken in nurturing these plants, they will re-bloom after the last flower falls off.

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